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17. Which best describes the main effect of an interest group on the U.S. political system? (1 point)
calling attention to corruption and the decay of national government
getting more people to turn out and vote on election day
influencing government to make laws that favor the group’s concern
increasing awareness of the legislative process and local government
18. Which of the following is an example of monitoring government? (1 point)
Your neighbor asks you whether you pay attention to the news.
The local news reports updates on a weather emergency risk.
Your uncle works for an agency of the federal government.
A website lists how each representative voted on a new policy.
20. A shop owner and an employee group would most likely disagree on (1 point)
the local sales tax rates for the business.
the price of a new item to be sold in the shop.
a temporary problem with customer parking.
a sudden large increase in the minimum wage.
21. A citizen wants to petition for fewer limits on an individual’s ownership of guns.
Which statement would he most likely use to support his petition? (1 point)
Federal background checks have prevented firearm sales to felons and fugitives from justice.
Guns that were banned in one state can be purchased in neighboring states that allow them.
The U.S. Department of Defense pursues research in improving weapons designs.
The U.S. Bill of Rights protects the right of the people to keep and bear arms.
22. A group of students is gathering signatures on a petition to build a new skate park in Citizen City.
Which of the following would most likely get more people to sign the petition? (1 point)
We would like the city to pay for something that a group of city kids values rather than something older people value.
We are hoping the city will increase taxes on local businesses to pay for the creation of a new skate park.
The city has done so much for adults that we think it’s about time they did something for us.
We are asking the city to invest in its youth by creating an area that will give kids an outlet for positive activities.
23. How are libel and slander similar?
They both (1 point)
involve sharing false and harmful information through spoken words.
are types of expression protected by the First Amendment.
involve sharing false and harmful information through written words.
show that First Amendment rights of expression are limited.
24. The First Amendment, which has been interpreted by the Supreme Court many times, reveals that there are limits (1 point)
neither on the powers of Congress nor individual rights.
only on the powers of Congress.
both on the powers of Congress and on individual rights.
only on individual rights.
25. First Amendment:
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
Which of the following statements best supports the argument that an active citizenry is important for American democracy? The First Amendment (1 point)
does not guarantee unlimited rights.
allows citizens to express opinions that are critical of the government.
was written by those who had experience living under a king.
prevents the U.S. Congress from passing certain kinds of laws.

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