Commercial Zoning Has You Confused? Read on …

Zoning is very much a part of everyday life and business when you are new or experienced real estate investors, which includes brokers, agents, and any other professionals in the building industry who would be interested in educating themselves on zoning. When you look into Zoning, you need to be very conscious about where you are looking to develop an area for either commercial, homes, and agricultural needs. You need to be aware of the different types of Real-estate Zonings, such as Spot Zoning, Contract Zoning, Down Zoning, Esthetic Zoning, Subdivisions, and buffer Zoning.

Spot Zoning is when you have a small area of ​​property or land that is zoned different than the other properties around it. Next is contract Zoning in which a person or business signs a contract to allow that person to rezone an area. Down Zoning is the rezoning of a piece of land that is less Dense, such as, instead of a high-rise, you are allowed only one or two story buildings. You also can not take an industrial zone and turn it into a residential area.

Then we have Esthetic Zoning in which there are certain rules applied to the zoned area such as what is not permissible. Many landowners and realtors will find that they can not make drastic changes to the landscaping, the color schemes, mailboxes fences, solar panels, decks, satellite, certain materials, the shape and design of the roof, and many more. With this type of zoning, it is a very good idea to look into what can and can not be done to the property.

Next we have a subdivision, the name kind of speaks for itself but for arguments sake it is an area that is divided into smaller properties or lots. This allows for future development and must be approved through various hearings.

Finally, we have Buffer Zoning, which is where a piece of land is left to be developed into a park, driving range, or to be left with only grass and trees on it. Each of these types of Zoning can and will be found in various cities across the US. However, the laws can and will change according to where you are looking to either sell or buy a property.

When you look into city zoning you need to be aware of all city ordinances and regulations. You also need to consider the type of land you are interested in. If you are thinking of Subdivisions then you need to look towards the edge of the city, the same thing can be said with agricultural properties as well, though many of these will be out of the city limits and in the city limits, you will find that they are a number of animals you can have along with the types allowed. When you look into City Zonings you need to look at the following types, residential, commercial, industrial, combination and special purpose based. These are pretty self explanatory except the combination in which a particular area has been set aside and overlays for identified projects. The Special Purpose Zones are designed to help with the over flow of one type of zones to be integrated with another. This is mainly used in urban areas.

You might be wondering what Zoning is? Zoning is a term used in North America for dividing up Land Uses. Zoning is used to set up a permit system to keep an area from being over developed, either by homes, business, or other types of building and land usage. Zoning also includes many of the rules, which are and are not acceptable.

Most Zoning systems have procedures set up to protect them and to also grant changes allowed with the plans. The types of zonings for homes are R1 for single-family homes, R2 for two-family homes, and R3 for multiple-family homes.

Zones have Codes involved and these can be subdivided into the following categories, Euclidean, Performance, Incentive, and Design-based.

A Euclidean zone is a code brought first into the town of Euclid Ohio, it is also known as the building block zone. You can recognize this type of zone by the separation of land by residential, commercial and industrial, each banning the other types of zoning.

Next we have the Performance Zoning, which is also called the Effects-based Planning. These zones are goal orientated and designed to help developers use credits towards there zoning goals. The Performance Zoning is high flexible and accountable in its design.

Incentive Zoning is next on our list and was based out of Chicago and New York to provide reward based planning and development for urban goals.

Finally, we have Design Based codes, which offer flexibility over that of the Euclidean codes. The concept is fairly new and can cause creative challenges. This type of codes uses pre-existing designs in the local area surrounding it. This type of code can be easily seen in the differences between a traditional neighborhoods compared to a suburb. The property line for the neighborhood might be 15 feet, while the suburb one will not have a limit.

Zoning laws help the cities and government regulate the restrictions of both lands and buildings along with the requirements per lot, also the density of development, not too mention whether or not you are allowed to have certain animals such as pigeons, sheep, dogs, and yes even llamas. They also help the government protect the natural resources such as open spaces and parks, along with schools hospitals, and historical monuments.

Each City or county controls the zoning and there are laws, regulations, and permits you need to file. Be sure to go to your local courthouse, EPA, Army Corps of Engineers or possibly an attorney for any legal issues or questions you might have.

Source by Tony J Seruga

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