Managerial Accounting?

A new startup business, is preparing budgets for the first quarter 2013 ending March 31.
•Budgeted sales of the company’s only product for the next five months are:
January 8,700 units
February 5,300 units
March 6,500 units
April 3,900 units
May 5,100 units
•The selling price is $92 per unit.
Prepare the following elements of the master budget for this problem:
1. Sales budget (with a schedule of expected cash collections).
2. Production budget.
3. Direct materials budget (with a schedule of expected cash disbursements for materials).
4. Direct labor budget.
5. Manufacturing overhead budget.
6. Ending finished goods inventory budget.
7. Selling and administrative expense budget.
8. Cash budget.
9. Budgeted income statement.
10. Budgeted balance sheet.
SCHEDULE OF EXPECTED CASH COLLECTIONS
• All Sales are on account.
• The company collects 60% of credit sales in the month of the sale and 40% of credit sales in the following month.
• The accounts receivable balance on January 1 was $0.
PRODUCTION BUDGET
• The company desires to have inventory on hand at the end of each month equal to 16% of the following month’s budgeted unit sales.
• On December 31, 0 units were on hand.
DIRECT MATERIALS BUDGET
• 7.5 pounds of material are required per unit of product.
• Management desires to have materials on hand at the end of each month equal to 14% of the following month’s production needs.
• The beginning materials inventory was 0 pounds.
• The material costs $.48 per pound.
SCHEDULE OF EXPECTED CASH DISBURSEMENTS FOR MATERIAL
• 55% of a month’s purchases are paid for in the month of purchase; 45% is paid for in the following month.
• No discounts are given for early payment.
• The accounts payable balance on December 31 was $0.
DIRECT LABOR BUDGET
• Each unit produced requires .70 hours of direct labor.
• Each hour of direct labor costs the company $12.30.
• Management fully adjusts the workforce to the workload each month.
MANUFACTURING OVERHEAD BUDGET
• Variable manufacturing overhead is $4.2 per direct labor-hour.
• Fixed manufacturing overhead is $121,000 per month. This includes $7,000 in depreciation, which is not a cash outflow.
ENDING FINISHED GOODS INVENTORY BUDGET
• A new startup business, uses absorption costing in its budgeted income statement and balance sheet.
• Manufacturing overhead is applied to units of product on the basis of direct labor-hours.
• The company has no work in process inventories.
SELLING AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSE BUDGET
• Variable selling and administrative expenses are $2.80 per unit sold.
• Fixed selling and administrative expenses are $77,000 per month and include $18,000 in depreciation.
CASH BUDGET
1. A line of credit is available at a local bank.
a. All borrowing occurs at the beginning of the month, and all repayments occur at the end of the month. Borrowing occurs in increments of $1,000.
b. Any interest incurred during the first quarter will be paid at the end of the quarter. The interest rate is 17% per year.
2. Rand Co., a new startup business, desires a cash balance of at least $30,000 at the end of each month. The cash balance at the beginning of January was $18,000.
3. Cash dividends of $22,000 are to be paid to stockholders in February.
4. Equipment purchases of $174,000 are scheduled for January and $381,000 for February. This equipment will be installed and tested during the first quarter and will not become operational until April, when depreciation charges will commence.
Additional Information:
The following balances exist on January 1:
Land $350,000
Equipment $174,000
Common Stock $542,000

Both comments and pings are currently closed.

Comments are closed.

Powered by WordPress | Designed by: free css template | Thanks to hostgator coupon and web hosting reviews