Rugs Basics Of Weaving

Handmade rugs come in a huge variety of styles and patterns; from oriental rugs to Akbar and Indian, there’s as wide a range of rugs as there are tribes who make them. Rug-making techniques, however, don’t vary that much from place to place. There are basic weaving principles that are universal, used to make all textiles. On top of these are basic ways to finish a rug, methods of making a fringe around the edges.

Firstly, the warps and wefts form the most basic foundation of all textiles. These are the ‘vertical’ and ‘horizontal’ strands, with warps running lengthways and wefts running widthways. In flatweave rugs – the most basic type – they form both the structure and the pattern. In pile rugs they provide the base around which a design is built. Warps and wefts can be of the same material, for example wool, but in pile rugs they are often made of different materials, like wool and cotton.

A design is built up around these warps and wefts in many different ways and almost any material can be used, but the most common method of creating a pattern is knotting; fastening a piece of material around the foundation of the rug. Types of knot vary from simple to more complex and the fineness of a rug is measured by how many knots it has per square inch. The greater the number of knots, the more involved a pattern can be.

The outer edges or sides of a rug are known as ‘selvedges’. These are formed by wrapping the weft strands around the last warp strands, to secure the rug across its width. They are often supplemented by stitching, both to reinforce the strength of the rug and to provide decoration. They are generally the same on all types of rugs, both flatweave and pile.

‘Fringes’ are formed from the warp strands at the ends of the rug and are often decorative; these secure the rug along its length. They can be formed by knotting or weaving and just like making the body of the rug these techniques can be very simple or more complex. Flatweave rugs for example will usually have more simple fringes than pile rugs.

There are many different types of fringe; knotted fringes are created by tying at least two warps with the last weft strand, and are the most common way of finishing a rug. Net fringes extend further out from the rug and form patterns through tying strands together. They can add simple decoration to flatweave rugs.

Plaited fringes, like the name suggests, are formed by taking three groups of warps and plaiting them just like hair. Loop fringes are more complex as they have to be created at the very start of the rug-making process. They are made by passing warp strands over a bar at one end of the loom. When the rug is completed the bar is removed, leaving a loop running the length of the rug with no unsecured ends. A loop fringe will only appear at one end of the rug, and the fringe at the other end will be secured with knots or plaits.

Although these weaving methods are basic to all types of textiles, the method of finishing a rug – making the fringe – can often give clues as to who made it or what type of rug it is. For example, loop fringes are common on Hamadan rugs. Kilim fringes, which are formed by weaving together warp and weft strands, are generally only found on kilim rugs, and net fringes are especially common on flatweaves.

Source by Piermon Coultard

Both comments and pings are currently closed.

Comments are closed.

Powered by WordPress | Designed by: free css template | Thanks to hostgator coupon and web hosting reviews