Types of Scaffolding, Structures and Construction

Scaffolding is aa temporary framework Around or even inside a building to support construction and repair of buildings and structures. Scaffolding is one of the major requirements in any construction field. May it be large structures or smaller homes, Scaffolding is an essential part. In Britain and most of the European nations, Scaffolding is done with Pipes whereas in Asian countries Bamboo is used still.

Scaffolding consists of 3 main parts, Tubes, Couplers for joining the tubes and Boards, to create a supporting area for human access. Scaffoldings are seldom alone, they are always attached to the building with ties. Independent scaffoldings are seldom seen and are usually not as stable as the ones attached to a structure.

Rules are regulations vary in every part of the world when it comes to construction. In certain parts of the world there exists rules for building scaffolding and norms and standards are practiced strictly. Britain has a strict code of conduct too and all scaffoldings are expected to meet certain standards based on Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations. Scaffolds in the UK have to meet the standards according to the BS 5973 Regulations and strictly meet its requirements.

Tubes are made of Steel or Aluminum. Steel is usually galvanized. The aluminum Tubes render more durable as its light and Flexible. Boards are made of seasoned wood and should be 50 mm-63 mm to meet the standards.

Scaffolds come in various Sizes and shapes but some of the most common scaffolds include:

  1. Independent or Bird Cage Scaffold: The Birdcage scaffold consists of 2 or more rows of vertical poles supported by horizontal Pieces of Pipes. This is a one level Scaffold. They are mostly used in work with the ceilings
  2. Single Fold Scaffold: this is a single row of pipes supported against the structure. This is used for painting or plastering a wall.
  3. Suspended or Swing Stage Scaffolds: This is the Window washer. A tall structure could use this kind of Scaffold which can be suspended, increased or decreased in heights.
  4. Cantilever Scaffold: this scaffold is supported only on one end.

There are variations on each types of Scaffolds. Its important to decide the type of scaffold for each job as a life will depend on it.

It's also essential that anyone who will work on a scaffold over 12 feet take prior training and hold a competency certificate.



Source by Rajiv Sahadevan

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