Why Was The Brown Vs. Board Of Education Case Significant?

I’m drafting a controlled assessment for school and need to know for one of the paragraphs.
Was it because the case was a new method / leader / first of kind / local change / national change?
What was the most important consequence?
I’ve spent ages searching google and can’t find anything, can you help?

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2 Responses to “Why Was The Brown Vs. Board Of Education Case Significant?”

  1. Miz T says:

    Brown v Board of Education was a Kansas case in which a group of citizens challenged the “separate but equal” segregated school system in Kansas. There were 4 other similar cases from 3 other states and the District of Columbia that had reached the United States Supreme Court in 1952, and they were consolidated into the Kansas case to be reviewed. All 5 cases challenged the Constitutionality of segregated school systems (“separate but equal”), arguing that *separate* is inherently unequal, in opposition to the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Plessy v Ferguson. There were over 150 plaintiffs in the combined cases.
    The arrival of these cases at the Supreme Court in 1952 was the culmination of many years of work, starting in the 1930s, by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). When the Court’s decision was handed down in 1954, it held that state laws establishing separate school systems for white and non-white students were illegal under the U.S. Constitution, and therefore they were null and void. That finding was a critical step toward the Civil Rights Movement and one that was resisted for more than two decades. In fact, not only did the decision lead to the desegregation of public schools throughout the United States, often under federal court order, it led to the establishment of numerous “private” schools, often “Christian” academies, and in part to the home-schooling movement. Even today, nearly 60 years later, you will find legislatures in some states attempting to undermine the public schools and support de facto segregation by issuing “vouchers” for private schooling. Because the private schools in question are frequently “Christian” academies, the question of church-state separation becomes an issue.
    So why is Brown v Board of Education (Oliver Brown et al v the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas) significant?
    1. It was the first case in which the Supreme Court stated that segregated school systems were unconstitutional.
    2. It brought about significant change over the next two decades to every city, county, and state that had segregated schools.
    3. The *most important* consequence may be up for debate: It could be that the decision eliminated one of the most significant roadblocks to equal protection for all citizens (institutionalized inequality of educational opportunity). It could be that it was the first gate to be forced open on the road to equal protection under the law for all citizens, the aim of the Civil Rights Movement. It could be that it was the first step toward a change in the mindset of the culture, leading to citizens of all colors having a different attitude toward what is right and what is accepted.
    It’s interesting that you’re doing the research this week. January 15 is the birthday (in 1929) of Martin Luther King Jr., who was one of the most effective leaders of the Civil Rights Movement (and a martyr to the cause). January 14 is the 50th anniversary of George Corley Wallace’s inauguration as governor of Alabama. His inauguration address–which as speeches go is memorable and stirring–is most memorable for including the line “segregation now, segregation tomorrow, and segregation forever!” If you have the time, you may want to view Terry Sanford’s January 18, 1963, speech (“second emancipation”) and contrast the styles as well as the messages of the two governors.
    Edited to add: Note that Brown v Board of Education *overturned* Plessy v Ferguson. The US Supreme Court had reversed its own earlier opinion, which is significant in and of itself.

  2. gee bee says:

    Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional. The decision overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896 which allowed state-sponsored segregation. Handed down on May 17, 1954, the Warren Court’s unanimous (9–0) decision stated that “separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.” As a result, de jure racial segregation was ruled a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution. This ruling paved the way for integration and was a major victory of the civil rights movement.
    Brown III
    In 1978, Topeka attorneys Richard Jones, Joseph Johnson and Charles Scott Jr. (son of the original Brown team member), with assistance from the American Civil Liberties Union, persuaded Linda Brown Smith—who now had her own children in Topeka schools—to be a plaintiff in reopening Brown. They were concerned that the Topeka Public Schools’ policy of “open enrollment” had led to and would lead to further segregation. They also believed that with a choice of open enrollment, white parents would shift their children to “preferred” schools that would create both predominantly African American and predominantly European American schools within the district. The district court reopened the Brown case after a 25-year hiatus, but denied the plaintiffs’ request finding the schools “unitary”. In 1989, a three-judge panel of the 10th Circuit on 2–1 vote found that the vestiges of segregation remained with respect to student and staff assignment. In 1993, the Supreme Court denied the appellant School District’s request for certiorari and returned the case to District Court Judge Richard Rodgers for implementation of the Tenth Circuit’s mandate.
    After a 1994 plan was approved and a bond issue passed, additional elementary magnet schools were opened and district attendance plans redrawn, which resulted in the Topeka schools meeting court standards of racial balance by 1998. Unified status was eventually granted to Topeka Unified School District No. 501 on July 27, 1999. One of the new magnet schools is named after the Scott family attorneys for their role in the Brown case and civil rights

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